A Comparison of Ferrous and Nonferrous Metals

Ferrous and nonferrous metals are used in endless industries for thousands of purposes. Many people wonder what the difference between ferrous metals and nonferrous metals, and why that difference means in terms of their use. If you are interested in learning more about ferrous metal and the types that exist, you are in the right place.

Continue reading and learn the definitions and types of nonferrous and ferrous metals found all across the world.

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Ferrous Metals

Simply put, ferrous metal is any metal that contains iron or steel. Things like construction scaffolding, automobiles, buildings, power tools, and more are made from ferrous metals. Carbon steel, stainless steel, cast iron, wrought iron, mild steel, and any other forms of steel and iron are examples of ferrous metals. Metal such as stainless steel are not entirely composed of iron and steel. It also contains nickel and chromium. In contrast, wrought iron is made of nearly 100 percent iron.

Ferrous metal is very strong and durable and even retains magnetic properties. This is why it is used to manufacture or construct things that can resist corrosion and remain strong and stable. It is used to make everything from skyscrapers to drill bits, and more. Large-scale piping, cars, trucks, yachts, planes, construction and farming equipment, motors, industrial containers, rail roads, and more are common large-scale commodities built from ferrous metals. Smaller items include everything from kitchen knives, to power tools, electrical appliances, and more.

Nonferrous Metals

Also simply put, nonferrous metal is metal that does not contain iron or steel compounds. Metals like copper, nickel, aluminum, brass, lead, tin, zinc, and more are all examples of nonferrous metals. Also, precious metals are nonferrous; such as gold, chromium, tungsten, silver, zirconium, mercury, cobalt, bismuth, cadmium, beryllium, and more. 

Nonferrous metals are used for their malleability and versatility.  They also have a higher resistance to rust and corrosion because they do not contain any iron compounds.  Jewelry, electrical wiring, canning, window frames, road signs, electrical fittings, pipe work, batteries, roofing, and millions of other items are made from nonferrous metal materials.

One of the easiest ways to determine if something contains ferrous metal is to hold a magnet to it. If the magnet sticks, it is made with ferrous metals like iron and steel. If the magnet does not stick, then it is made mostly or entirely of nonferrous metals like copper or aluminum. If the magnet pulls slightly but does not stick or stay, it is likely that the item is made from both ferrous and nonferrous metals.

How to Recycle Metal for Cash in Indianapolis

Call Zore’s Recycling at 317-244-0700 to recycle scrap metal and make some fast money at the same time. We are a professional Indianapolis scrap metal recycling center that accepts and recycles all metals in any condition. Best of all, we pay cash on the spot for them! Recycle all sorts of stuff, including sheet metal and beams, cars, boats, construction equipment, power tools, old electronics, and more! Request a free estimate, today.

How to Perform a Ferrous Metal Test

When you are dealing with metal, whether for recycling or construction purposes, you may come across a time that requires you to know how to separate ferrous metal from non-ferrous metal. Fortunately, this test is easy to do, and can be done on the spot virtually anywhere.

Continue reading to learn the difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metal, and how to perform a quick test to distinguish between them.

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Ferrous Metal

Ferrous metal is any metal that contains traces of iron.

Ferrous metals are heavier, less malleable, and contain magnetic properties. Also, they are more vulnerable to rust. If you see rust, the metal is definitely a ferrous one. Ferrous metal is commonly used to manufacture or construct commodities that can resist corrosion and remain strong and stable, such as industrial containers, rail roads, farming equipment, automotive parts, motors, drill bits, electrical appliances, power tools, and more. Common examples of ferrous metals include carbon steel, stainless steel, cast iron, wrought iron, mild steel, and any other forms of steel and iron.

Non-Ferrous Metal

Non-ferrous metal is any metal that does not contain iron.

Non-ferrous metals are lighter and more malleable than ferrous metals. These qualities make them a common manufacturing material for industries that have weight restrictions, but require strength, such as aviation or food canning. Non-ferrous metals also have a high resistance to rust and corrosion. As a result, nonferrous metal is widely used in the production of house gutters, road signs, roofs, piping, and more. Metals like copper, nickel, aluminum, brass, lead, tin, zinc, and more are all examples of nonferrous metals. Also, precious metals are iron-free; such as gold, chromium, tungsten, silver, zirconium, mercury, cobalt, bismuth, cadmium, beryllium, and more.

The Ferrous Test:

In order to distinguish ferrous from non-ferrous metals is to perform a manual test. To perform this test, all you need is a strong magnet. You see, as mentioned, ferrous metals retain magnetic qualities, and non-ferrous metals do not. So if a magnet sticks to your metal, it contains iron, which also means it is ferrous metal. If the magnet does not attract, the metal does not contain iron, which means it is non-ferrous.

Where to Recycle Metal in Indy

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

Call Zore’s Recycling division at 317-244-0700 to recycle metal in Indianapolis, Indiana for cash. We have been a family owned and operated company for over 75 years, and continue to make customer satisfaction our number one goal in our metal recycling division. And to make recycling easier for you, we offer several customer conveniences at no extra charge! Request a free estimate, today.

Common Uses for Ferrous Metals

Indianapolis Iron Recycling 317-244-0700

Indianapolis Iron Recycling 317-244-0700

Remembering the difference between non-ferrous and ferrous metals is actually quite easy. You see, the term “ferrous” actually means “of or containing iron”, which means that any metal that contains relevant traces of iron is a ferrous metal. Non-ferrous means no iron content. There are various types of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, and metal alloys.

Alloys are simply two or more kinds of metal combined to make a new metal. Brass is an example of a non-ferrous alloy. Ferrous metals include variations of steel and iron, and non-ferrous metals include aluminum, tin, copper, zinc, titanium, nickel, lead, and various alloys. Even precious and exotic metals are non-ferrous; like gold, platinum, silver, zirconium, mercury, cobalt, tungsten, selenium, beryllium, cadmium, and bismuth. Here is a list of ferrous metals and their primary applications or advantages among national and global industries:

Ferrous Metals and Alloys

Cast Iron – An alloy made from 2 to 6 percent carbon and 94 to 98 percent iron. It’s resistant to corrosion, malleable, strong, and retains a low melting point. It is primarily used to manufacture automotive parts like cylinder heads and engine blocks, as well as, machinery, pipes, construction, and other engineering purposes.

Wrought Iron – Almost entirely made of iron, it was used for its ductile and malleable qualities, but it is also resistant to corrosion and quite tough. It was mainly used in the past to make axes, chisels, warships, railways, nails, garden fences, cutlery, chains, rivets, couplings, ornamental ironwork, horseshoes, and more. These products and more are now made from mild steel because wrought iron is no longer manufactured on a commercial scale. You may hear wrought iron be referred to as mild steel, as it contains very little carbon.

Mild Steel – This metal contains very low traces of carbon, as little as 0.1 to 0.3 percent. Any ferrous metal that contains little to no carbon is basically a form of steel. It is used in the engineering industry and several metal commodities mentioned with wrought iron.

Stainless Steel – A very popular finish for appliances and home décor, stainless steel is an alloy made from nickel, chromium, and iron. It is stain and corrosion-resistant, making it a popular metal for surgical instruments, appliances, cutlery, and more.

Carbon Steel – This steel alloy contains anywhere from 0.5% to 3% carbon and is used to primarily manufacture cutting tools such as saws, rotaries, and drill bits.

Indianapolis Metal Recycling

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

Call Zore’s Recycling at 317-244-0700 for information about Indianapolis metal recycling and more. We accept all types of metal in various forms, including cars, trucks, power tools, scrap metal, construction equipment, appliances, and more. We pay cash for scrap metal! Call 317-244-0700 to earn cash by recycling metal in Indianapolis, IN today.

Ferrous Metals and Non-Ferrous Metals

Many people are familiar with several types of metals, such as iron, aluminum, steel, copper, and more. These are popular and prevalent metals used in a wide variety of industries all over the world. What many people do not know is that all metals found on the planet are categorized as either “ferrous” or “nonferrous” metal. So what is the difference between the two categories? Continue reading and learn the meaning behind nonferrous and ferrous, and the metals that fall within each class.

Ferrous Metal

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Metal Recycling Center 317-244-0700

Ferrous metals contain iron. Any metal that does not contain iron is classified as nonferrous. This is the simplest way to remember the difference between the two. Ferrous metals differ from nonferrous in several other ways as well. For example, ferrous metals are heavier, less malleable, and contain magnetic properties; whereas, nonferrous metals are lighter, more malleable, and have no magnetic capabilities. Also, ferrous metal is more vulnerable to rust. If you see rust, the metal is definitely ferrous. Below is a short list of ferrous metals:

• Carbon Steel
• Stainless Steel
• Cast Iron
• Wrought Iron
• Mild Steel

Nonferrous Metal

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Indianapolis Copper Recycling 317-244-0700

Nonferrous metals, as mentioned before, do not contain iron or iron properties. They are much more malleable and lighter than ferrous metal; making them excellent materials in industries that have weight restrictions, but require strength, such as aviation or food canning. Non-ferrous metals also have a high resistance to rust and corrosion. As a result, nonferrous metal is widely used in the production of house gutters, road signs, roofs, piping, and more. Here is an example list of nonferrous metals:

• Copper
• Brass
• Silver
• Gold
• Aluminum
• Nickel
• Tin
• Lead
• Zinc
• And More

Recycle Metal in Indianapolis, Indiana

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

Indianapolis Metal Recycling 317-244-0700

If you have scrap ferrous metal and nonferrous metal items that you wish to recycle in Indianapolis, Indiana, call Zore’s Recycling at 317-244-0700 today. We offer free estimates and information about scrap metal recycling for ferrous and non-ferrous metals. If you have junk cars, stereos, electronic equipment, power tools, and any other junk metal item or equipment; call us to recycle it for cash! Even if it’s broken, we still accept scrap ferrous and nonferrous metal. Visit our webpage at http://www.zoresrecycling.com/metal-recycling-indianapolis.php for details about our services and company background. We offer the best cash returns for ferrous and nonferrous scrap metal recycling in Indianapolis, IN and its surrounding regions.